Definition : "The teacher gives timely, focused and explicit literacy feedback to children."

Research shows that feedback to students (along with correctives) is an integral element of quality of instruction. To be most effective in whole class situations, feedback seems to need to be individually adjusted for each child. Teacher feedback may be seen as effective reactions to student responses that includes acceptance of correct responses, follow-up of partially correct responses and use of student responses in making teaching points.

In the study, the more effective and effective teachers also provided children with feedback that explicitly indicated exactly what was being celebrated, modified or corrected.

The classrooms of the more effective and effective teachers were characterised by a positive happy climate in which there was much use of positive reinforcement throughout the literacy sessions.